How We Can Fight Child Abuse
by Andrew Vachss
What can be done about sexual abuse of children? In newspapers, radio, television and film, the question has been raised increasingly across America in recent years. To find an answer, we asked Andrew Vachss, one of this country's leading authorities on the subject, for his views. What follows is his outspoken and forthright response, including a number of practical suggestions.
Recently I had a conversation with a man I greatly respect, a man who once risked his life to protect this country and now devotes that life to improving it. We talked about child sexual abuse.
The conversation ended when he asked me a blunt question: What can be done about it?
A pedophile is an individual with intense, recurrent sexually arousing fantasies and urges involving prepubescent children. Such feelings are "sick." To act on such feelings, to make them reality, is evil. The predatory pedophile is as dangerous as cancer. He works as quietly, and his presence becomes known only by the horrendous damage he leaves. He (or she) may be a teacher, a doctor, a lawyer, a judge, a scout leader, a police officer, an athletic coach, a religious counselor. And he is protected not only by our ignorance of his presence, but also by our unwillingness to confront the truth.
I have encountered many predatory pedophiles. Some boast of their crimes, claiming that only a rigid, puritanical society prevents children from "freedom of sexual expression." Some claim they are "addicts," unable to stop themselves from preying on children. But the only pedophiles I have ever heard express remorse for their acts are those facing a sentencing court or a parole board.
Predatory pedophiles are clever, calculating criminals. They stalk their victims with great care, working themselves into positions of trust. They study children as carefully as any psychologist, and their camouflage is our unwillingness to see the shark in our swimming pool.
The consequences of their depravity can be found in our psychiatric wards, our prisons and our graveyards: The runaway who turns to child prostitution, the violent juvenile criminal, the teenage suicide...all too many members of this army of victims can be traced to a predatory pedophile's original attack.
The ultimate protection of such criminals, the near-immunity they enjoy, is the perception that any individual who sexually molests a child must be "sick." That trump card is only played when they are caught and prosecuted. That rarely happens. And the "rehabilitation" of predatory pedophiles is fast becoming a growth industry.
What can be done? The answer is simple: raise the stakes.
The essence of criminal rehabilitation is remorse. Even if it is true that predatory pedophiles are "sick," that does not mean they can be treated. But, sick or not, they are certainly contagious.
Sexual molestation of children is a volitional act. It is a matter of choice.
Kiddie pornography is not a "first amendment" issue. It is a picture of a crime.
Incest is not "family dysfunction." It is rape-by-extortion.
Most child molesters are not strangers to their victims. We are far more endangered by those who have our trust than by the relatively rare kidnapper.
Pedophiles do not regret their actions, they glory in them. They regret only the possibility of consequences to themselves, not the certainty of damage to their victims.
Pedophiles are not "homosexuals." We would not call a man who molested a five-year-old girl a "heterosexual." Whatever the sex of the adult and the child, the proper description is simple: the adult is the perpetrator, the child is the victim.
The new pedophile defense is "addiction." They cannot help themselves. If true, such individuals will remain dangerous, and must be treated accordingly.
If we had an amnesty, allowed predatory pedophiles to turn themselves in, promised immunity from prosecution upon an agreement that they volunteer for treatment, I believe we would have no candidates.
We debate "solutions" to the narcotics problem. The solutions come down to two: interdict or legalize. Neither is possible with predatory pedophiles. Therefore, if we cannot eliminate evil, we must increase its consequences to perpetrators.
This is how we raise the stakes:
Some predatory pedophiles will be deterred, and children will be spared. Some will not, and the enhanced penalties will keep them away from their new victims for much longer periods of time. Either way, we benefit.
The trend today is toward accountability. It seems the ultimate irony that while some are demanding children be tried as adults on ground of "accountability," there is still no groundswell of support for the proposition that predatory pedophiles are responsible for their crimes. If we are truly concerned about crime in America, if we truly understand that today's victim is tomorrow's criminal, we must act.
We must raise the stakes in this most evil of games. The predatory pedophile has upped the ante to include not only our country's children, but its future as well. It's time to call, or fold.
© 2000 Andrew Vachss. All rights reserved.
For more information on child sexual abuse, write to the Children's Safety Project,
Andrew Vachss has been writing for Parade since 1985. In response to endless requests, we have collected all his past Parade articles here.
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